College of Science Social links:

Mindy L. Millard-Stafford, Ph.D.

Professor and Associate Chair

School of Applied Physiology
Office: 1309A
Phone:(404) 894-6274 (office)
Lab: Exercise Physiology Laboratory



  • Ph.D., Exercise Physiology, University of Georgia, 1986
  • M.A., Physical Education, University of Florida, 1980
  • B.S., Physical Education, Pennsylvania State University, 1979

Professional Activities

  • 52nd President, American College of Sports Medicine
  • As President of the American College of Sports Medicine, Dr. Mindy Millard-Stafford rang the closing bell on NASDAQ on Times Square in New York City on May 6, 2009nasdaq

Research Interests

Dr. Millard-Stafford, PhD is Director of the Exercise Physiology Laboratory in the School of Applied Physiology. The main research goals within the Exercise Physiology Laboratory are to seek nutritional and exercise interventions that can improve human health and well-being. Our group has been particularly focused on the importance of hydration to delay fatigue and maintain safety during exercise, especially in conditions of heat stress. The physiological responses and efficacy of specific interventions related to nutrient composition and dosage (e.g. during and following physical activity) have been studied. Health and work performance issues that relate to body fluid balance and provision of optimal macronutrients have implications for a variety of populations specific to fitness level, age, and gender.

Dr. Millard-Stafford has published over 40 peer-reviewed research articles and 80 research conference abstracts. Dr. Millard-Stafford has received approximately 1 million dollars in research funding through industrial sponsors as well as the National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) and State Government Agencies. She serves on the Editorial Board for the International Journal of Sports Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, is past-president of the Southeastern Chapter of the American College of Sports Medicine, and former Vice-President and Trustee of the American College of Sports Medicine. Her achievements in her field prompted her induction into the American Academy of Kinesiology and Physical Education in 2003. She has served on scientific peer review panels for the Department of Defense Military Health and Medical Research Program, NCAA Competitive Safeguards and Medical Aspect of Sports Committee (2000-2004), and Professional Education Committee for the American College of Sports Medicine. She is currently President elect of the American College of Sports Medicine and President from June 2008 - 2009.


(Applied Physiology PhD begun Fall semester 2005)

Matthew Wittbrodt, M.S.

Namrita O'Dea; entered 2009, graduated 2015

Mary Beth Brown, entering class of Fall 2005- Graduated December 2009
Dissertation topic: Mechanisms Underlying Variability in Human Eccrine Sweat Sodium Physiology

  • Winner of 2008 SEACSM Graduate Student Research Award for poster entitled “Relationship of Heart Rate to Oxygen Consumption is Similar for Amputee and Non-Amputee Runners”
  • Winner of Thranhardt Award in Prosthetics and Orthotics 2009
  • Awarded Foundation Grant from American College of Sports Medicine- Gisolfi Student Research Award, July 2009, $5,000.
  • NIH Post doctoral Fellow position at School of Medicine, University of Indiana at Indianapolis February 2010
  • Assistant Professor position in Dept. of Physical Therapy, University of Indiana at Indianapolis July, 2011

Post-doctoral Fellows Supported via External Grants

Jochen Kressler, Ph.D. (2009-2010)

Select Publications

  • Collier, N.B., M.A. Hardy , M.Millard-Stafford, and G.L. Warren. Small Beneficial Effect of Caffeinated Energy Drink Ingestion on Strength, submitted to Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, in press.
  • Kumar, N., L.A. Wheaton, T.K. Snow and M. Millard-Stafford. Carbohydrate Ingestion but not Mouth Rinse Maintains Sustained Attention when Fasted. Physiol. Behav. 153:33-39, 2016.
  • Wittbrodt, M.T., M. Millard-Stafford, R. A. Sherman, C.C. Cheatham. Fluid Replacement Attenuates Physiological Strain Resulting from Mild Hypohydration without Impacting Cognitive Performance. International Journal of Sports Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 25:439-447, 2015.
  • Wittbrodt, M.T., Espinoza, S, and M. Millard-Stafford. Biological Variation of Plasma Osmolality Obtained with Capillary Versus Venous Blood. Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine, 53(10):1613-1619, 2015.
  • Kumar, N., T.K. Snow, L.A. Wheaton, and M. Millard-Stafford. Exercise and Caffeine Improve Sustained Attention following Fatigue Independent of Fitness Status, Fatigue: Biomedicine, Health & Behavior, 3(2) 104-121, 2015.
  • Capranica, L., M.F. Piacentini, S. Halson, K. Myburgh, E. Ogasawara, and M. Millard-Stafford. The Gender Gap in Sport Performance: Equity Influences Equality. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 8:99-103, 2013.
  • Millard-Stafford, M., J. S. Becasen, M. W. Beets, A. J. Nihiser, S.M. Lee, J. E. Fulton. Is Physical Fitness Associated with Health in Overweight and Obese Youth? A Systematic Review. Kinesiology Reviews, 2:233-247, 2013.
  • Millard-Stafford, M, D.M. Wendland, N.K. O’Dea, and T.L. Norman. Thirst and Hydration Status in Everyday Life. Nutrition Reviews, 70(11): S147-151, 2012.
  • Kressler, J., M. Millard-Stafford, and. G.W. Warren. Quercetin improves endurance exercise capacity: a meta-analysis. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 43(12):2396-2404, 2011.
  • Millard-Stafford, M. and L. Capranica. Youth Sport Specialization: How to Manage Competition and Training? International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 6(4): 572-579, 2011.
  • Conger, S.A., G.L. Warren, M. Hardy, and M.L. Millard-Stafford. Caffeine Co-ingested with Carbohydrate: Additional Ergogenic Effect for Endurance? International Journal of Sports Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 21:71-84, 2011.
  • Brown, M.B., K. V. Haack, B. Pollack, M. Millard-Stafford, and N. McCarty. Low abundance of sweat duct Cl- channel CFTR in both healthy and cystic fibrosis athletes with exceptionally salty sweat during exercise Amer. J. Physiology: Regul. Integ. Compar. Physiol, 300(3):605-615, 2011.
  • Brown, M. B., N. McCarty, and M. L. Millard-Stafford. High Sweat Sodium in Cystic Fibrosis Patients and Healthy Individuals: Effect on Thirst During Progressive Dehydration from Exercise in the Heat. Amer. J. Physiology: Regul. Integ. Compar. Physiol, 301:R1177-1185, 2011.
  • Millard-Stafford, M., M.B. Brown, T.K. Snow, and M.R. Casner. Acute Carbohydrate Ingestion Affects Lactate Response in Highly-Trained Swimmers. International Journal of Sports Physiology, 5(1):42-54, 2010.
  • Warren, G. L., N.D. Park, R.D. Maresca, K.I. McKibans, and M.L. Millard-Stafford. Effect of Caffeine on Muscular Strength and Endurance: A Meta-analysis. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 42:1375-1387, 2010.
  • Best, T.M., R. R. Pate, A. Hutber, M.L. Millard-Stafford, J.M. Pivarnik. Lessons Learned from Around the Worlds: ACSM Global Promotion of Innovation in Physical Activity and Health. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 7(3): S361-S362, November 2010.
  • Brown, M.B., A. Allison, M. Millard-Stafford. Run Prosthesis Permits Similar Energy Cost and Exercise Prescription as Non-Amputee. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 41: 1080-1087, 2009
  • Millard-Stafford, M.L. W.L. Childers, S.A.Conger, A.J. Kampfer, and J.A. Rahnert. Recovery Nutrition: Timing and Composition After Endurance Exercise. 7:193-201, 2008.
  • Millard-Stafford, M.L., K. J. Cureton, J.E. Wingo, J.Trilk, and M. Buyckx Hydration during Exercise in the Heat: Effect of Caffeinated Sports Drink. International Journal of Sports Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 17:165-179, 2007.
  • Cureton, K.J., G. L. Warren, M.L. Millard-Stafford,J.E. Wingo, J.Trilk, and M. Buyckx.Caffeinated Sports Drink: Ergogenic Effects and Possible Mechanisms. International Journal of Sports Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 17: 35-55, 2007.
  • Hitchcock, K., M. Millard-Stafford, J. Phillips, and T. Snow. Metabolic and thermoregulatory responses to a simulated American football practice in the heat. J. Strength and Conditioning Res. 21:710-717, 2007.
  • Armstrong, L.E., D. Casa, M. Millard-Stafford, D. Moran, S. Pyne, and W.O. Roberts. Exertional heat illnessess during training and competition. Position Stand for the American College of Sports Medicine, Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 39(3): 556-572, 2007.
  • Hawley, J.A., M. Millard-Stafford, and K.D. Tipton. Promoting training adaptations through nutritional interventions. Journal of Sport Sciences, 24:1-13, 2006.
  • Tomporowski, P. D., Cureton, K., Armstrong, L.E., Kane, G.M., Sparling, P. B., and Millard-Stafford, M., Short-term Effects of Aerobic Exercise on Executive Processes and Emotional Reactivity. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology 1:7-25, 2005.
  • Millard-Stafford, M., P.B. Sparling, L.B. Rosskopf, T. K. Snow. Should carbohydrate concentration of a sports drink be less than 8% during exercise in the heat? International Journal of Sports Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 15:117-130, 2005.
  • Millard-Stafford, M., L. Thomas, G.W. Warren, J.A. Doyle, T. K. Snow, K. Hitchcock. Recovery from run training: Efficacy of a carbohydrateprotein beverage? International Journal of Sports Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 15:610-624, 2005.
  • M. A. Collins, M. Millard-Stafford, E.M. Evans, T.K. Snow, K. J. Cureton, and L. B. Rosskopf. Effect of race and musculoskeletal development on the accuracy of air plethysmography. Medicine and Science and Sports and Exercise, 36:1070-1077, 2004.
  • M. L. Millard-Stafford, M.A. Collins, C.M. Modlesky, T.K. Snow, and L.B. Rosskopf. Effect of race and resistance trianing status on the density of fat-free mass and percent fat estimates. Journal of Applied Physiology 91:1259-1268, 2001.
  • M.L. Millard-Stafford, M.A.Collins, E.M. Evans, T.K. Snow, K.J. Cureton, and L.B. Rosskopf. Use of air displacement plethysmography for estimating body fat in a four-component model. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 33: 13-11-1317, 2001.
  • G.L. Warren, J.M. Fennessy, M.L. Millard-Stafford. Strength loss after eccentric contractions is unaffected by creatine supplementation. Journal of Applied Physiology 89:557-562, 2000.
  • Complete Publication List

Course Website

  • Human Anatomy and Physiology