Exercise Physiology Laboratory

555 14th Street, room 1506
Phone: 404-894-3449, Fax: 404-894-9982

EPLab

Research Interests

The overarching research goals within the Exercise Physiology Laboratory are to seek nutritional and exercise interventions that can improve human health, well-being and performance. Our group has been particularly focused on the importance of hydration to delay fatigue and maintain safety during exercise, especially in conditions of heat stress. The physiological responses and efficacy of specific interventions related to nutrient composition and dosage (e.g. during and following physical activity) have been studied. Health and work performance issues that relate to body fluid balance and provision of optimal macronutrients have implications for a variety of populations during exercise that may be specific to fitness level, age, and gender.

Overview of Facility and Equipment

Personnel

  • Director: Mindy Millard-Stafford, Ph.D.
  • Graduate Students: Namrita O’Dea, M.S. R.D., Matthew Wittbrodt, M.S.
  • Collaborators:
    • Gordon L. Warren III, Ph.D., Georgia State University
    • Michael N. Sawka Ph.D., Adjunct, School of Applied Physiology, Georgia Tech
    • Omer Inan Ph.D., Electrical and Computer Engineering, Georgia Tech

Research Opportunities

Undergraduate students (following completion of APPH 4100 or other APPH certificate classes) and graduate students that are interested in exercise physiology may assist with various ongoing research projects. In addition, we frequently recruit students as subject volunteers for exercise physiology studies.

Current Research Projects

  • Youth Fitness and Health Outcomes (Systematic Review)
  • Hydration Status during Daily Living: Influence of Gender and Environment
  • Ergogenicity of Caffeine and Carbohydrate: Effect on Metabolism and Performance
  • Mechanisms Underlying Variability in Human Sweat Sodium and Implications on Fluid and Electrolyte Balance during Exercise in the Heat

Funding

  • The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  • The Coca-Cola Company

Recent Publications

  • Capranica, L., M.F. Piacentini, S. Halson, K. Myburgh, E. Ogasawara, and M. Millard-Stafford. The Gender Gap in Sport Performance: Equity Influences Equality. International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 8:99-103, 2013.
  • Millard-Stafford, M., J. S. Becasen, M. W. Beets, A. J. Nihiser, S.M. Lee, J. E. Fulton. Is Physical Fitness Associated with Health in Overweight and Obese Youth? A Systematic Review. Kinesiology Reviews, 2:233-247, 2013.
  • Millard-Stafford, M, D.M. Wendland, N.K. O’Dea, and T.L. Norman. Thirst and Hydration Status in Everyday Life. Nutrition Reviews, 70(11): S147-151, 2012.
  • Kressler, J., M. Millard-Stafford, and. G.W. Warren. Quercetin improves endurance exercise capacity: a meta-analysis. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 43(12):2396-2404, 2011.
  • Millard-Stafford, M. and L. Capranica. Youth Sport Specialization: How to Manage Competition and Training? International Journal of Sports Physiology and Performance, 6(4): 572-579, 2011.
  • Conger, S.A., G.L. Warren, M. Hardy, and M.L. Millard-Stafford. Caffeine Co-ingested with Carbohydrate: Additional Ergogenic Effect for Endurance? International Journal of Sports Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism. 21:71-84, 2011.
  • Brown, M.B., K. V. Haack, B. Pollack, M. Millard-Stafford, and N. McCarty. Low abundance of sweat duct Cl- channel CFTR in both healthy and cystic fibrosis athletes with exceptionally salty sweat during exercise Amer. J. Physiology: Regul. Integ. Compar. Physiol, 300(3):605-615, 2011.
  • Brown, M. B., N. McCarty, and M. L. Millard-Stafford. High Sweat Sodium in Cystic Fibrosis Patients and Healthy Individuals: Effect on Thirst During Progressive Dehydration from Exercise in the Heat. Amer. J. Physiology: Regul. Integ. Compar. Physiol, 301:R1177-1185, 2011.
  • Millard-Stafford, M., M.B. Brown, T.K. Snow, and M.R. Casner. Acute Carbohydrate Ingestion Affects Lactate Response in Highly-Trained Swimmers. International Journal of Sports Physiology, 5(1):42-54, 2010.
  • Warren, G. L., N.D. Park, R.D. Maresca, K.I. McKibans, and M.L. Millard-Stafford. Effect of Caffeine on Muscular Strength and Endurance: A Meta-analysis. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 42:1375-1387, 2010.
  • Best, T.M., R. R. Pate, A. Hutber, M.L. Millard-Stafford, J.M. Pivarnik. Lessons Learned from Around the Worlds: ACSM Global Promotion of Innovation in Physical Activity and Health. Journal of Physical Activity and Health, 7(3): S361-S362, November 2010.
  • Brown, M.B., A. Allison, M. Millard-Stafford. Run Prosthesis Permits Similar Energy Cost and Exercise Prescription as Non-Amputee. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 41: 1080-1087, 2009